Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.)
- CholesterolCholesterol: In laboratory, animal, and clinical research, hawthorn has demonstrated hypolipidemic effects suggestive of plausible additive effects with herbs/supplements that reduce cholesterol (60; 34; 52; 18), although some human research has found a lack of effect on total cholesterol level (39).
- MineralsMinerals: In human research, hawthorn extract (WS 1442) lacked effect on calcium, chloride, potassium, and sodium, in individuals with CHF (39).
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