Bon shamanic practices
A number of traditional methods—rituals and modes of visualization—purportedly used to generate “vital forces” and “heal” internal and external obstacles to growth. The Tibetan word “bon” literally means “invocation, recitation.” “Bon” or “Pon” refers to various religious customs in Tibet that preceded the introduction of Buddhism. Bon involved worship of spirits and protectional deities (e.g., the Lord of the Soil). It reportedly survives in modified form in Nepal.